Classification and characteristics of Dalbergia odoratum


The scented rosewood is also called huanghuali. Huanghua pear is a literary name. From ancient times to today, there is no tree called "Huanghua Pear Tree". It has a new scientific name called "Dance of Dalbergia". There are several varieties of this kind of wood, and there is no accurate statement at present. Observed by the naked eye, huanghuali wood is roughly divided into two categories. One type of light color is brownish yellow; one type is dark and reddish brown. These two types of huanghuali wood have obvious differences, and their characteristics are the same.

Light-colored huanghuali is generally strong in gloss, even if it loses wax for a long time, it will shine with a little light. The weight is slightly lighter, the texture is clear and smooth, and it is not warm. The furniture made of this light-colored huanghua pear is found in the north, especially in the city.

Decorating rosewood Ming-style furniture, more common with light-colored huanghuali. The dark huanghua pear feels oily by visual inspection, so the gloss is not as good as the light huanghua pear. Compared with the two, the dark huanghua pear is heavier in weight and the texture is not as clear as the light color. The origin of this type of huanghuali furniture is often more in the south than in the north.

The difficulty in identifying wood of Huanghuali furniture is often due to three aspects. One is not related to mahogany. Dark huanghuali, if used for a long time, the state of preservation is not good, at first glance it is very similar to mahogany. In fact, it is determined in essence that the woodiness of huanghuali wood is small, so the deformation rate is small, and the body is light and gentle. Grasping this point, other problems can be solved; the second is not related to the grass and pear. The appearance of the grass pear is due to the severing of the huanghuali wood. As a supplement, it appeared in the market from the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, and it is the lowest in the hardwood. The wood is coarse, the brown eyes are too large, the color is yellow and dull; the third is not related to the new yellow pear wood, the new material is also heavier than the old yellow rosewood, the wood grain contains too much black line and is hard, so many wood The pattern is too beautiful and eye-catching, but the new yellow rosewood.


Understanding the characteristics of huanghuali wood is very important for identifying its material. For example, huanghuali wood has strong toughness and is not as brittle as mahogany. It is very easy for the carpenter to identify the huanghuali and mahogany in the construction. In the case of a thin blade, only the yellow rosewood can have a long shaving like a spring shape, and the mahogany only shreds like a chip. Any hardwood carpenter about this is very clear. The above is the initial stage of identifying yellow pear wood. More importantly, judging from the shape, the huanghuali furniture has been set in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and the shape is ever-changing. The essence of literati is very Unite. Essentially understand the golden age

Declining Dalbergia Chinese Ming style furniture, coupled with the understanding of the physical properties of huanghuali wood, will make it easy to identify huanghuali.

For a long time, the understanding of Huanghuali furniture entered a misunderstanding, thinking that the Ming-style huanghuali furniture was mostly produced by the Ming Dynasty. In fact, on the contrary, the golden age of Huanghuali furniture production is more than 100 years from the early Qing Dynasty to the Qianlong period. After Jiaqing, it is almost no longer produced. The reason is that in the late Ming Dynasty Jiajing Wanli and the two dynasties, the court furniture was mainly lacquerware. Gorgeous lacquered furniture dominates the market, and Huanghuali furniture is clearly not the mainstream. The Qing style furniture was entered into the private sector after the formation of the court. It takes a certain amount of time, and there is no small gap between people's imagination. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the age by only "Ming" and "Qing". In fact, most of the ancient furniture's dynasty is determined by the method of making the "symbol", and understanding the subtle changes is quite important for judging the Ming Dynasty furniture.

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